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7 best Colab alternatives in 2023

By Deepnote team

Updated on May 15, 2023

Google Colab is a widely popular tool for machine learning and data science, especially among beginners and educators. However, it does come with its strengths and weaknesses.

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The field of machine learning and data science is continuously evolving, with Google's Colab being a long-time favorite data notebook due to its interactive interface and free access to GPU and TPU resources. However, with increasing data requirements and the necessity for advanced capabilities, many alternatives have gained prominence. Here are seven of the best Colab alternatives available in 2023.


Pros and Cons of Google Colab:

  1. ✅ Ease of Use: Google Colab's interface is user-friendly, making it easy for beginners to get started with Python, machine learning, and data science.

  2. ✅ Free GPU/TPU Access: One of Colab's major advantages is that it provides free access to hardware accelerators like GPUs and TPUs, which are essential for training large machine learning models.

  3. ✅ Google Drive Integration: Colab integrates seamlessly with Google Drive, allowing you to save and share your notebooks easily. It's also great for collaborative work as multiple people can edit and comment on the same notebook in real-time.

  1. ❌ Limited Resource Availability: Although Colab provides free access to GPUs and TPUs, these resources are not always available, and when they are, they can be limited in their capabilities. The amount of RAM and disk space is also limited.

  2. ❌ Lack of Support for Teams and Businesses: Google Colab is primarily designed for individual use and educational purposes. It lacks features like role-based access control, versioning, and other collaborative tools that are crucial for team-based projects and enterprise-scale deployment.

  3. ❌ Lack of Integration with Other Tools: While Colab integrates well with Google Drive and other Google services, it may not integrate as smoothly with other development tools, databases, or cloud services. This can limit its utility in more complex or large-scale projects.



Deepnote is a real-time collaborative notebook. It offers features like real-time collaboration, version control, and smart autocomplete. It also provides direct integrations with popular data sources like GitHub, Google Drive, and BigQuery. Its modern, intuitive interface makes it a compelling choice for both beginners and experienced data scientists.

Main benefits of Deepnote:

  • Real-time collaboration: Multiple users can work on the same notebook simultaneously, making it ideal for team projects.
  • Integrations: Direct integrations with popular data sources like GitHub, Google Drive, and BigQuery enhance its usability and efficiency.
  • Smart autocomplete: This feature accelerates code writing and reduces the chance of errors.



JupyterLab is the next-generation user interface for Project Jupyter. Like Colab, it's an interactive development environment for working with notebooks, code, and data. However, JupyterLab offers more flexibility as it can be self-hosted, enabling users to use their own hardware resources. It also supports extensions for integrating other services, making it a highly customizable and versatile tool for data scientists.

Main benefits of JupyterLab:

  • Self-hosting: This feature provides the flexibility to use your own hardware resources.
  • Extension support: Its support for extensions allows for integrating other services, enhancing customization and versatility.

Kaggle Kernels


Kaggle is best known for its data science competitions, but it also offers a cloud-based computation environment known as Kaggle Kernels. Like Colab, it provides free access to GPUs and supports Python, R, and Julia languages. It is also deeply integrated with other Kaggle features, providing direct access to a wealth of datasets and community notebooks, making it an excellent learning platform.

Main benefits of Kaggle Kernels:

  • Community integration: It is deeply integrated with other Kaggle features, providing direct access to a wealth of datasets and community notebooks.
  • Language support: It supports multiple languages, including Python, R, and Julia.
  • Free GPU access: Like Colab, it provides free access to GPU resources.

Microsoft Azure Notebooks


Azure Notebooks is Microsoft's direct answer to Colab. It offers similar Jupyter notebook functionality with additional integration into the wider Azure ecosystem. This allows easy access to robust data pipelines, storage solutions, and machine learning models available in Azure. It's a powerful choice for enterprises already using Azure for their cloud computing needs.

Main benefits of Azure Notebooks:

  • Azure ecosystem integration: It is well-integrated into the wider Azure ecosystem, providing easy access to robust data pipelines, storage solutions, and machine learning models.
  • Enterprise-friendly: It's a powerful choice for enterprises already using Azure for their cloud computing needs.
  • Collaboration tools: Azure Notebooks offer various collaboration and sharing features, making it easy to work in teams.

Databricks Community Edition


Databricks is a platform built around Apache Spark, an open-source, distributed computing system. The Databricks Community Edition offers a collaborative workspace where users can create Jupyter notebooks. Although it doesn't offer free GPU resources, it's an excellent tool for distributed data processing and big data analytics.

Main benefits of Databricks Community Edition:

  • Scalability: It's an excellent tool for distributed data processing and big data analytics.
  • Spark integration: The platform is built around Apache Spark, allowing for high-performance analytics.

Amazon SageMaker Studio


Amazon SageMaker Studio is a fully integrated development environment (IDE) for machine learning. It allows users to write code, track experiments, visualize data, and perform debugging and monitoring all within a single, integrated visual interface, making the process of developing, testing, and deploying models much more manageable.

Main benefits of Amazon SageMaker Studio:

  • Unified Interface: SageMaker Studio provides a single, web-based visual interface where you can perform all ML development steps. This eliminates the need to switch between multiple tools and simplifies the process of building, training, and deploying models.
  • Experiment Management: SageMaker Studio allows you to manage multiple experiments, compare different model versions, and track their associated metrics. This feature is critical when developing and optimizing machine learning models.
  • Model Monitoring: SageMaker Studio provides tools to monitor the performance of models in production, detecting deviations in model quality, and sending alerts when the model's performance drops.

Gradient by Paperspace


Gradient by Paperspace is a robust alternative that allows developing, training, and deploying machine learning models quickly. With free GPU tier and one-click Jupyter notebooks, it's an easy-to-use platform that doesn't compromise on functionality. Gradient is also known for its powerful experiment tracking and version control capabilities.

Main benefits of Gradient:

  • Ease of Use: Gradient offers one-click Jupyter notebooks, making it incredibly easy to start training models. It's an excellent platform for beginners and experienced data scientists alike.
  • Experiment Tracking: Gradient provides robust experiment tracking capabilities, which help in managing and comparing different model training runs. This is crucial for fine-tuning models and selecting the best performing one.
  • Free GPU Access: Similar to Colab, Gradient offers a free tier that includes access to a GPU, which can be a great advantage for those who are just getting started with deep learning or working on smaller projects.


Each of these alternatives offers unique features and advantages, which may suit different needs and preferences. The best one for you depends on your specific requirements, such as the scale of your data, the resources you need, the tools you prefer, and the ecosystem you're most comfortable in. Regardless, these platforms all offer robust environments for data science and machine learning, making them excellent alternatives to Google Colab in 2023.


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